Ghum (also known as Ghoom) is a small hilly region in Darjeeling, West Bengal – and is home to the highest railway station in India at an altitude of 7,407 feet. The place is also the home of the Ghum Monastery and the Batasia Loop, a bend of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. Construction of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway started in 1879, and the railway track reached Ghum on April 4, 1881. Presently, after climbing from Siliguri to Ghum, the train starts descending about 1,000 feet to Darjeeling, whereby it first crosses the double loop at Batasia.
While Ghum may be the highest railway station in India, there are even higher railway stations around the world. The Chicla station in Peru, which stands at 12,218 feet, opened in 1878. The Qingzang railway in China operates at heights of 13,000 feet to 16,000 feet; it was opened in 2006.