Spectacled cobra (Naja naja)

The spectacled cobra is one of the most popular snakes of the ‘big four’ (the venomous snakes in India). They are found across India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Bhutan and Nepal.

They have the very classic hood feature with a pair of connected rings and their colouration varies from black – dark brown to yellowish white. The average length of an adult is 1.5 – 2 metres. Cobras are very common in rice–growing areas as there are plenty of rats. They are, however, quite adaptable and are also found in dry areas. They also feed on birds, amphibians and other snakes. In the west coast there is belief that it is lucky to have a cobra in one’s compound. Many Hindus in Kerala have a shrine and place of offering for their family cobra.

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