American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis)

There are two types of alligators in the world – Chinese and American. A group of alligators is called a congregation. The name alligator comes from the Spanish word ‘el lagarto’ which means the lizard.
They grow up to 10 – 15 feet. Alligators have a more prominent U – shaped snout as compared to crocodiles. They live in freshwater habitats like swamps, marshes, rivers or lakes and eat a wide range of food from their hatchling stage to adulthood, from insects to fish and large mammals like cows. During winter, they hibernate in small ‘dens’ that they make, occasionally coming into the water when it’s warm. They have an armoured, lizard like body, powerful jaws and a very muscular tail. Males bellow to announce they are ready to mate. Scientists say that these creatures have survived about a 150 years and managed to survive extinction 65 million years ago when their prehistoric relatives, the dinosaurs, died. Alligators are one of the rare success stories of an animal that overcame being endangered. Habitat preservation and a reduced demand for alligator products have raised and increased the number of alligators to being listed as ‘least concern’ on the IUCN red list.

Share Article:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *