“Rosefinches” and as the word implies, have various shades of red in their plumage, and the Common Rosefinches are found in Asia and Europe.
Males are distinctive with a red head, breast, and rump, brown eye-mask, and white belly. The amount of red varies with age. Females and juveniles are a rather dull uniform brown inviting confusion with female House Sparrows.
Common Rosefinches breed at both low and high elevations in deciduous scrub, meadows, and marsh edges as well as clearings in forest. They can be found throughout the Indian Subcontinent, but are known to be partial to hilly areas in the lower Himalayas and the Western Ghats.
Their far-carrying, whistled, typically 3-note song is memorable and their shrill call can be heard from quite a distance early in the morning.
They feed mostly on plant and tree seeds, buds, shoots, leaves, fruit and berries, nectar; also insects and larvae.
I photographed this specimen in the Nilgirs, Tamilnadu.