Energy plays a vital role in almost all spheres of development and progress such as communication, transport, healthcare, food and agriculture. The socio-economic progress of any country is based on its industrial and agricultural activities which in turn are heavily dependent on energy resources.
In recent years, there has been a steady decline in energy reserves and simultaneous growth of scientific research aimed at exploration of alternative sources like solar, wing, hydrothermal and geothermal. Increased cost of fossil fuels and mounting environmental concerns have made energy conservation a top priority with governments and individuals. The goal of energy conservation is to balance the need for energy with the environmental impact of fulfilling those needs. Many types of energy such as renewable energy can be generated continuously practically without decay of source. For example, solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, hydro energy. Non-renewable energy is energy that comes from the ground and is not replaced in a relatively short amount of time. For example, energy generated from combustion of fossil fuels, coal, and gas. Energy conservation can be achieved by implementing innovative solutions in preventing the natural systems from replenishing, decreasing the level of global warming and decreasing usage of synthetic products. These types of conservation demonstrate that there are ways to protect the environment through the judicious use of resources and creating awareness to the public. The success of finding any alternative energy source will depend not only on reducing the cost and environmental hazards, but also on the new technologies that should be eco-friendly and sensitive enough psychological satisfaction to the modern society.