Biodiversity Conservation

The Earth is considered as the Mother of all living and nonliving beings because of her unconditional ecological services which is the main source for existence of all life forms. The wellness of earth is the wellness of the variety of life forms in which everything is interconnected as the child is connected with the womb of a mother.
Biodiversity is a common and essential field to be known, to be loved, to be protected and to be promoted. India is one of the twelve mega biodiversity countries of the world. It has only 2.4% of the land area in the world. However, it has 8.1% of the global species diversity. As an estimate, there are 45,000 species of plants and about 90,000 -1,00,000 species of animals. There are still quite a number of species that are yet to be discovered.  Due to habitat loss and fragmentation, over-exploitation, co-extinction and other man-made activities, the earth is facing a loss of biodiversity at rapid speed.  It is a need of the hour to take care of our mother earth which is also the common home of all beings. However, the present scenario is that an irresponsible human activities have put to question the very existence of many varieties of species that it would be more coherent to ask whether something at all will be left for the future generation to look at. In this age of ecological degradation, it is a divine vocation for each and every one of us to uplift the successful conservation of biodiversity and put away from its depletion. Thus, loss of biodiversity is one of the most threatening environmental issues that need to be confronted with utmost austerity.

FOREST CONSERVATION

Environmental activists consider forests as one of the top 5 natural resources on earth. This is rightly so, and today, we shall look at how wonderful our forests are to us, and why we should immediately stop its’ destruction. There is more to forests than just a massive collection of trees. It is a natural, complex ecosystem, made up of a wide variety of trees that support a massive range of life forms. Apart from trees, forests also include the soils that support the trees and the most important function of forests is that it produces mass amounts of oxygen as a by-product of photosynthesis. All trees are very important for helping to keep the air clean, and they provide a safe habitat for birds and many other animals. Trees also help to filter out harmful gases, keeping the air we all breathe clean. Forests of the world are a natural wonder that humans have sadly taken for granted. Forests come in many sizes and forms. Forests also play an important part in the water cycle and control moisture levels of our ecosystem. It is estimated that two-thirds of the world’s forest are currently distributed among 10 countries such as Canada, USA, Brazil, Peru, Russia, Congo, Nairobi, Indonesia, Australia and China. Preserving trees is very important to keeping the soil balanced and providing a safe place for animals to live. You can help by planting your own trees and by learning more about how important they are to the environment’s well-being. Cutting down these beautiful plants can be bad for the environment if it happens on a big scale because it takes away the habitat where animals live. Looking at the importance of forests and trees in the above lines, we can reduce the massive effects of deforestation leads to soil erosion, water scarcity, loss of biodiversity and climate change. We can also preserve the forests through healthy lifestyle, making a conscious effort to share information with others on deforestation and its’ effects, joining with organizations & forest-preservation societies, reducing the use of artificial items, recycling of more and re-use items.

WETLAND CONSERVATION 

Wetlands are areas of land where the water level remains near or above the surface of the ground for most of the year. They cover at least 6% of the Earth and contribute to the livelihoods of millions of people in Africa and Asia and are increasingly being used for agriculture as populations rise and upland areas become degraded. Wetlands provide a diverse range of valuable services. More than three billion people (around half the world’s population) obtain their basic water needs from inland freshwater wetlands. A similar number of people rely on rice as their staple food, a crop grown largely in natural and artificial wetlands. They help check floods, prevent coastal erosion and mitigate the effects of natural disasters like cyclones and tidal waves. They store water for long periods. Fisheries from wetlands are also an extremely important source of protein and income. In addition to food, wetlands supply fibre, fuel and medicinal plants. They also help to reduce the damaging impact of floods, control pollution and regulate the climate. Wetland agriculture can sustain livelihoods and reduce poverty. Achieving this requires scientific and social knowledge of wetland functions, the way wetlands are used by local communities, and the positive and negative impacts of wetland agriculture. Despite the importance of wetlands in supporting rural communities, governments often view them as underexploited resources of water, land and trees or wastelands that hinder development. As a result, many are being lost. Those wetlands that are protected tend to be designated as ‘nature sanctuaries’, rather than valuable ecosystems that can also be used sustainably by communities. It is very much needed to bring about treaties such as the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands which is an intergovernmental treaty that provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.

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