A popular mealtime preparation in Bihar, Jharkhand and eastern Uttar Pradesh, litti chokha refers to dough balls made from whole wheat flour that are stuffed with roasted chickpea flour (mixed with spices) and then baked over open fire, and then served with pickles, yoghurt, vegetable gravy or chicken curry. The baked wheat balls are known as ‘litti’, which ‘chokha’ is a vegetarian preparation made from roasted eggplant, tomato and potato, but the full name has stuck to the dish nonetheless. In recent times, due to the lack of open fires, the litti is often as well.
The use of whole wheat and chickpea flours ensures that a good balance of carbohydrates and protein is part of the meal. Chickpea flour is also said to help keep the body cool in summer. The addition of vegetarian or meat-based gravies means added fibre and nutrients.